Auschwitz is known all over the world as a symbol of terror, genocide, and the Holocaust. During the II World War it was the largest concentration camp of Nazi Germany, established in the suburbs of the city of Oswiecim (Auschwitz in German), approximately 60 kilometers west of Krakow. Auschwitz and Birkenau, the two camps were liberated in January 1945. The Auschwitz camp until the end of its existence was a place of extermination and it has become a world-famous symbol of the Nazi genocide, in particular the destruction of the Jews. Today it serves as a memorial to those who lost their lives here and hundreds of people visit it daily to pay their respects.